From the beginning…

The Huangling Bei 皇陵碑 text is carved into this stone.

The 600-year-old stone tablet inscribed with the life story of the founding Ming Dynasty emperor Zhu Yuanzhang, known as the Imperial Tomb Tablet of the Great Ming 大明皇陵之碑, or the Huangling Bei, stands over 7 meters high and is borne on the back of a stone turtle. To my knowledge, no complete translation of this text into English has been published. Click here to start from the beginning of the Huangling Bei 皇陵碑 text and scroll through what I’ve translated so far, in 10-line increments. Otherwise, the most recent translation and annotation segments are also visible as posts below. And you can use the “Huangling Bei texts” tab in the “Categories” sidebar at right for commentary and other categories. Enjoy!